The engine immobilizer is an anti-theft system that employs a keyfob with a digital code stored on it. When the keyfob comes into contact with the vehicle’s electronic management system or is inserted into the ignition switch, it transmits this “password” to it. If the user has the correct keyfob, the engine will start up.
The engine immobilizer is a safe method of discouraging thieves from stealing your car through hotwiring or traditional methods such as hammering the ignition with a screwdriver to force it to start. It’s like an extra layer of security on top of your car’s alarm.
St. George Evans and Edward Birkenbuel invented and patented the electric immobiliser/alarm system in 1919. When the ignition switch was turned on, current from the battery (or magneto) went to the spark plugs, allowing the engine to start or immobilizing the vehicle and sounding the horn. Each time the car was driven, the system settings could be changed. Modern immobiliser systems are automatic, which means the owner does not have to remember to turn it on.
Since January 1, 1998, all new cars sold in Germany have been required to have immobilizers, as have all new cars sold in the United Kingdom since October 1, 1998, in Finland since 1998, in Australia since 2001, and in Canada since 2007. Early models used a static code in the ignition key (or key fob) that was recognized by an RFID loop around the lock barrel and checked for a match against the vehicle’s engine control unit (ECU). If the code is not recognized, the ECU will prevent fuel from flowing and ignition from taking place. Later models employ rolling codes or advanced cryptography to prevent code copying from the key or ECU.
Every FORD car comes with a simple process for programming the car’s immobilizer keys. The FORD car models are shown below:
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to as Ford) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan. Henry Ford founded it and incorporated it on June 16, 1903. The Ford brand sells automobiles and commercial vehicles, while the Lincoln luxury brand sells luxury cars. Ford also owns Troller, a Brazilian SUV manufacturer, an 8% stake in Aston Martin of the United Kingdom, and a 32% stake in China’s Jiangling Motors. Furthermore, it has joint ventures in China (Changan Ford), Taiwan (Ford Lio Ho), Thailand (AutoAlliance Thailand), Turkey (Ford Otosan), and Russia (Ford Sollers). The Ford family controls the company, which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange; they own a minority of the company but have a majority of the voting power.
Ford introduced methods for large-scale car manufacturing and large-scale industrial workforce management using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines; by 1914, these methods were known around the world as Fordism. Jaguar and Land Rover, which Ford acquired in 1989 and 2000, respectively, were sold to the Indian automaker Tata Motors in March 2008. From 1999 to 2010, Ford was the sole owner of Volvo in Sweden. Since 1938, Ford had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Middle East under the Mercury brand.
Based on 2015 vehicle production, Ford is the second-largest automaker in the United States (behind General Motors) and the fifth-largest in the world (behind Toyota, Volkswagen, Hyundai, and General Motors). Ford was Europe’s fifth-largest automaker at the end of 2010. The company went public in 1956, but the Ford family retains 40 percent of the voting rights through special Class B shares. During the 2007–08 financial crisis, the company struggled financially but did not require federal government assistance, unlike the other two major US automakers. Ford Motors has since returned to profitability, ranking eleventh overall among American-based companies in the 2018 Fortune 500 list, with global revenues of $156.7 billion in 2017. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million vehicles and employed approximately 213,000 people across 90 plants and facilities worldwide.